Neurodegenerative Diseases | edtechreader

Neurodegeneration is a progressive loss of neurons in the brain. It can occur due to normal aging, trauma to the head, genetic disorders, and some diseases. The loss of brain cells causes changes in your ability to think, reason, remember and control your movements.

It is a severe problem and can prove fatal if not treated properly.

What Is Neurodegeneration?

Neurodegeneration is characterized by the death of neurons in the brain or spinal cord. The neurons that die during neurodegeneration are called pyramidal cells,

which can be found in many parts of the brain and are responsible for processing sensory information.

The leading causes of neurodegeneration include:

  • Aging
  • Genetic mutations (which occur when there are changes in DNA)
  • An accumulation of harmful substances such as oxygen-free radicals in or around your body’s cells

There are two types of neurodegenerative diseases: primary and secondary. Primary refers to a disease that originates within the nervous system itself and has no clear cause,  such as genetic mutation; secondary refers to conditions that affect other parts of your body, such as heart disease or high blood pressure, then impact your nervous system due to complications from those conditions.

What Are The Different Forms Of Neurodegeneration?

There are several different forms of neurodegeneration, which can be classified based on the underlying cause.

  • Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia caused by the brain’s loss of neurons. It causes memory loss, confusion, and difficulty with language and problem-solving.
  • Parkinson’s disease is caused by degeneration in certain areas of your brain that control movements, such as muscles or body parts. Those affected experience tremors (shaky movements), stiffness, and slow movement when walking or talking because Parkinson’s disease has damaged these parts of their brains.

What Are The Symptoms Of Neurodegeneration?

The symptoms that accompany neurodegeneration vary depending on the type of disease. Some signs and symptoms may include:

  • Loss of motor skills, such as coordination and balance, can lead to problems walking or even standing.
  • Difficulty with memory or concentration. This can make it hard for you to remember things you need for daily life, including how to get around town or how to read a book. It also makes it more likely that you’ll have trouble with everyday tasks like shopping, cooking, and paying bills.
  • Trouble speaking clearly. You might slur your words or speak too softly, making it difficult for others to understand what you’re saying in conversation; this is called dysarthria (the medical term). A doctor can prescribe medications that may help control muscle stiffness and make talking easier if dysarthria is one of your symptoms. Your loved ones might need extra patience when listening to what you say because they don’t hear as well as they used to!
  • Swallowing food becomes difficult due to changes in nerve signals from the brain affecting muscles involved in swallowing safely (dysphagia). This means eating often needs extra help from a feeding tube inserted through the nose down into the stomach (gastrostomy tube) or feeding through a straw because of difficulty swallowing foods whole due to impaired functioning muscles needed for chewing/swallowing (dysphagia). 
  • As we age, our risk for dysphagia increases due either directly related causes such as stroke damage or indirectly related causes such as Parkinson’s disease where both types present similar symptoms leading up toward eventual mortality rates within five years after diagnosis.”

How Can Neurodegeneration Be Treated?

Neurodegenerative conditions can be treated with medication. Certain drugs, like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, can help to slow the progress of Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss. Other drugs are available to treat specific symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease and other forms of neurodegeneration.

The treatment for the problem can be obtained from an experienced neurologist and there are many hospitals that provide treatment in Patiala such as Patiala Heart Institute, which has appointed a team of neurologists to help patients suffering from various neurological diseases.

Diet also plays an important role in preventing or slowing the onset of neurodegenerative diseases. Research has shown that eating foods rich in antioxidants such as leafy green vegetables, berries, nuts, and seeds may help prevent cognitive decline due to age or exposure to toxins like cigarette smoke or pesticides (though it is important not to rely on any one food for this purpose). 

Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to have protective effects against Alzheimer’s disease and depression;

increasing your intake of these nutrients through supplementation may improve brain function over time by reducing inflammation within the brain tissue itself. Eating a diet rich in protein may also be beneficial since high-protein diets increase levels of BDNF within our bodies which encourages growth among neural cells while reducing inflammation. Patiala Heart has the best Neurologist in Patiala

Common Patterns Of Neurodegenerative Diseases 

Neurodegenerative diseases affect the brain differently, but there are some common patterns in how they progress. If a person has a neurodegenerative disease, it means that the nerve cells in his brain have been damaged or destroyed. This can happen for many reasons: A traumatic event like an accident or stroke can damage the brain; genetic mutations or environmental toxins can trigger the start of a disease; and some neurological conditions develop over time without any obvious cause (for example, Alzheimer’s disease).

The first sign of many neurodegenerative diseases is usually memory loss. You might forget important dates or events from your past or simple facts about things you’ve learned recently. As these symptoms worsen over time, other abilities may decline as well; you may find yourself unable to finish sentences when speaking aloud, for example. Eventually, these changes will lead to physical problems (like difficulty swallowing), mood disturbances (such as depression), and behavioral changes, such as inappropriate laughter at odd times.*

If you notice any of these signs in yourself or someone close to you especially if they’ve come on suddenly don’t ignore them! It’s important to talk with your doctor immediately so that he knows what he’s dealing with and can begin treatment while there is still time left.

Role Of Exercise In The Prevention Of Neurodegeneration

A number of benefits have been shown by exercise for brain health and may help to prevent neurodegeneration Some of the ways in which exercise may help to prevent neurodegeneration include:

Increasing Blood Flow To The Brain: Physical activity increases blood flow to the brain, which can help to nourish brain cells and support brain function.

Reducing Inflammation: Exercise has anti-inflammatory effects, which may help to reduce inflammation in the brain and prevent neurodegeneration.

Exercise has been shown to increase the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a protein that plays a role in neuroplastic

Cognitive function is improved by regular physical activity, including memory and learning, which may help to prevent neurodegeneration

It’s important to note that while exercise may have a protective effect on brain health, it is not a cure for neurodegenerative diseases. However, incorporating regular physical activity into your routine may help to reduce your risk of developing neurodegenerative conditions and may also help to slow the progression of these diseases if you have already been diagnosed.


Neurodegenerative diseases can be difficult to diagnose. However, if you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms that could be signs of neurodegeneration, it’s important to speak with your doctor immediately. In some cases, the disease may respond well to treatment options and even be reversible if caught in its early stages.

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