What Causes Piles and How to Prevent Them? | edtechreader

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are a common medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. Piles occur when the veins in the rectum and anus become swollen and inflamed. They can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, and can significantly impact a person’s quality of life.This article will explore the topic of piles, including their origins, signs, and available therapies.

What is piles?

Piles refer to veins that are swollen and inflamed within the rectum or anus. They can occur either internally or externally. Internal piles are not typically visible and cause no pain, but may lead to bleeding. External piles, however, are visible and can be both painful and itchy.

What causes piles?

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are caused by swelling and inflammation of the veins in the rectum and anus. The exact cause of this swelling and inflammation is not fully understood, but there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing piles, including:

  • Straining during bowel movements: Chronic constipation, diarrhea, and other conditions that make it difficult to pass stools can put pressure on the veins in the anus and rectum, causing them to become swollen and inflamed.
  • Sitting for long periods: Sitting for long periods, especially on hard surfaces, can increase the pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, leading to the development of piles.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, making piles more likely to develop.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women are at higher risk of developing piles due to the increased pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus.
  • Aging: As we age, the tissues in the rectum and anus can weaken, making piles more likely to occur.
  • Heredity: Some people may be more predisposed to developing piles due to a family history of the condition.

It is important to note that piles are not caused by a bacterial or viral infection and are not contagious. However, they can be painful and uncomfortable, and can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. If you are experiencing symptoms of piles, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the cause and explore treatment options.

What are the symptoms of piles?

The symptoms of piles are influenced by the kind and extent of the condition. If you have internal piles, you may not experience any symptoms. However, if they manifest, the usual indications include:

  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Painless swelling or lumps inside the rectum
  • On the contrary, external hemorrhoids may lead to the subsequent indications:
  • Pain and discomfort around the anus
  • Itching and irritation
  • Swelling and inflammation around the anus
  • Bleeding during bowel movements

Piles can lead to fecal incontinence in serious instances, resulting in an inability to regulate bowel movements.

How are piles diagnosed?

To determine the presence of piles, a physician will conduct a thorough physical examination of the rectum and anus. This may involve using a proctoscope, which is a slender and flexible tube equipped with a light and camera, to inspect the area. A digital rectal exam may also be performed, which entails the insertion of a gloved finger into the rectum to detect any irregularities. In certain instances, further tests such as a colonoscopy may be necessary to exclude the possibility of other ailments.

How are piles treated?

The treatment of piles is dependent on the type and severity of the condition. In many cases, making simple lifestyle changes like incorporating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water, and getting regular exercise can alleviate symptoms and prevent the condition from worsening.

In cases of more severe piles, medication or surgical procedures may be necessary. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs are examples of medications that can help relieve pain and reduce swelling. Additionally, topical creams and ointments may be recommended to reduce itching and irritation.

For severe cases of piles, surgical procedures such as rubber band ligation or hemorrhoidectomy may be required. These procedures involve removing swollen veins or cutting off their blood supply to shrink them.

Piles can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding and may be caused by several factors, including straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation or diarrhea, prolonged sitting, pregnancy, obesity, and aging.If you encounter any indications of piles, it’s vital to pursue medical assistance. Early intervention is critical in preventing the condition from worsening.

Topics of piles

Internal haemorrhoid: 

An internal hemorrhoid is a variety of hemorrhoid that develops within the rectum or anus. It is an inflamed blood vessel that can lead to bleeding, pain, and discomfort. In some cases of piles, internal hemorrhoids may enlarge or protrude beyond the anus, resulting in more intense symptoms like pain and difficulty during bowel movements. Possible remedies for internal hemorrhoids involve using over-the-counter medications, making lifestyle adjustments, or undergoing a medical procedure.

External haemorrhoid:

External hemorrhoids are veins that become swollen outside the anus, causing discomfort, itching, pain, and bleeding during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids, also called piles, can develop internally or externally in the anal canal.

To alleviate symptoms of external hemorrhoids, over-the-counter treatments like creams, ointments, or suppositories can be used to reduce swelling. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove the hemorrhoids.

Can hemorrhoids be treated without medical intervention?

.Hemorrhoids, or piles, can be a source of discomfort, pain, and irritation. Although various treatment options are available, there are also natural remedies to alleviate piles without needing to seek medical attention.

  • Hydrate: Drinking plenty of water and fluids can help soften stools, making them easier to pass, thus reducing the strain on the rectal area.
  • Fiber-rich diet: Incorporating a diet filled with fiber, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes, can aid in preventing constipation and facilitating consistent bowel movements.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can enhance the frequency and quality of bowel movements and decrease the likelihood of developing hemorrhoids.
  • Sitz bath: Immersing the impacted area in lukewarm water for 15-20 minutes may ease discomfort and alleviate inflammation.
  • OTC medications: Non-prescription topical treatments like hydrocortisone, witch hazel, and lidocaine creams and ointments are effective in reducing discomfort and itching.
  • Good toilet habits: It is advisable to avoid exerting too much pressure during bowel movements and limit the time spent sitting on the toilet for good toilet habits.


piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are a common and painful condition caused by several factors, including constipation, pregnancy, and obesity. Preventing this disease involves adopting healthy habits such as maintaining a balanced diet, staying hydrated, engaging in physical activity, and avoiding prolonged sitting or standing. Home remedies, such as applying witch hazel or taking warm baths, can help alleviate symptoms. However, if the symptoms persist, it is essential to seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and treatment. Overall, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of developing and improve overall health and wellbeing.


Q: What are piles?

A: Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the anal and rectal area that can cause discomfort, itching, and bleeding.

Q: What causes piles?

A: The exact cause of this disease is not known, but several factors can increase the risk of developing them, including a lack of fiber in the diet, chronic constipation, prolonged sitting or standing, obesity, and pregnancy.

Q: How can I prevent piles?

A: You can take the following measures to prevent them:

Eat a high-fiber diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and help soften stools.

Exercise regularly to improve circulation and prevent constipation.

Avoid prolonged sitting or standing, and take breaks to move around.

Practice good hygiene, including gently cleaning the anal area after bowel movements.

Avoid straining during bowel movements, and use a stool to elevate your feet while on the toilet.

Q: What are the treatment options for piles?

A: Treatment options for this disease vary depending on the severity of the symptoms. Mild cases can be managed with lifestyle changes, such as a high-fiber diet and regular exercise. Over-the-counter creams and ointments can also help relieve symptoms. For more severe cases, a doctor may recommend prescription medications, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery.

Q: When should I see a doctor for piles?

A: You should see a doctor if you experience persistent pain, bleeding, or discomfort in the anal area. These symptoms may indicate a more serious condition, such as an infection or cancer. Additionally, if you have a family history of colon cancer, it is important to get screened regularly for early detection.


By Alok

Leave a Reply